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Orthodontic spacers are small appliances that are used to create space between the teeth. They are also called as orthodontic separators. They are used to make a gap between molars so that braces can be installed properly. The spacers are usually circular rubber bands that are inserted between the molars of upper and lower arch. The gap is created within a period of one or two weeks. In some cases, metal rings can be used instead of rubber bands. Separators can induce pain in most of the patients. Usually the pain is mild in the first few hours and the pain worsens in the next few days. This pain is because of the tooth movement. In some people, the contacts between the teeth can be extremely tight and it might be quite difficult to introduce metal bands in between the teeth. If the pain becomes excruciating, you can consume painkillers prescribed by your dentist. You can have a short term pain relief if you have some cold drinks or ice-creams. Some patients have reported to have irritation in the gums due to orthodontic separators and bleeding and swollen gums as well. Some patients have described it to be as though some food has got caught between the teeth. The patients are asked by the dentist not to remove the separators by themselves in between the specified time period. When the tooth moves into a new position the spacers themselves might get dislodged and fall out. There are special orthodontic instruments available for the placement of the separators between the teeth. These instruments stretch the rubber band and insert them into the gap between the teeth. Depending upon tightness of the contact, pain may vary from individual to individual. Those individuals with a lot of crowding can have more pain while spacer insertion. Generally, the spacers are removed just before the insertion of metal bands. This is to ensure that the gap remains as it is during the placement of the bands. In people where sufficient gap has been created already, may find their spacers coming out every now and then. There is no reason to worry in such cases as it is quite normal. In some difficult cases, there may be a need to keep two or more spacers to create the desired space. When the spacers are there in between your teeth you need to follow certain dietary restrictions like you should not have sticky food like chewing gums. Always go for soft food which can be swallowed without much of chewing. Try to divide the food into small bits so that chewing becomes little more convenient and swift. Abstain from use of toothpicks as this may cause the spacers to pop out when used in teeth with spacers. If you try to insert the toothpick in teeth other than those having spacers, you may experience pain as there is very little space to accommodate the head of the toothpick. One should not floss while wearing orthodontic spacers as this might end up in the dislodgement of the spacers.
You are in the wonderful era of customization. You can customize almost everything then why should your braces be left behind. The colored braces are aimed at satisfying the cosmetic needs of the youth and teenagers. This age group has the maximum number of beauty-conscious individuals. It can be really delighting to say that you need not wear those old metal braces that gave you a boring metallic smile. You can enjoy your orthodontic treatment period in a colorful yet comfortable way. All you have to do is just opt for the right color that suits your personality the best. Braces, in general, is the word used to describe the complete orthodontic treatment appliance fitted to our teeth. It is composed of two major components namely- archwires and brackets. The brackets are glued to the teeth and the molars are covered with molar bands. Through these brackets and molar bands and tubes the archwires are passed which help in binding the teeth together.  When we say colored braces, it is actually the elastics that are colored. These elastics are used to fasten the archwire to the brackets. The archwires and brackets are same as the traditional ones. If you wish to get colored braces, you should ask your orthodontist to show you the color wheel. It has a variety of color and shades. You can pick one amongst them that suits you the most and is your favorite. . You must be slightly careful in your selection process because if you wish to change after the installation of the braces, you might have to wait till the next appointment. The elastics that are meant to bring about tooth movement are slightly different from those that are used to fasten the archwire. They come in different thicknesses. The force applied on teeth is directly proportional to the thickness of the elastics used. During tooth movement you may experience some degree of pain as well. It can be taken care of by the administration of few painkillers. See to it that you don’t go for yucky colors. You can have two different colors for your upper and lower braces or a single color for both or two colors that are alternating with each other. Don’t go for lighter colors because your teeth might appear more yellow. You can opt for darker colors because your teeth will look all the more whiter. Going for tooth-colored braces is good from esthetic point of view but are expensive. Tooth colored braces can have thin metallic archwires or tooth colored brackets that are made of ceramic. A wise and intelligent choice is important as far as the color of the braces is concerned. If you choose green, it will give the look as though you are having food particles all over your teeth. Black braces give an impression to your brackets of being larger than normal. Once your colorful braces are installed you can flaunt your colorful smile with great pride!
A dental crown is an artificial prosthesis that is placed on a tooth to restore its shape and function. Your teeth make you look beautiful and help you chew food properly. If teeth are eaten away by dental decay, the structure of the tooth becomes compromised. This leads to crushing of teeth on chewing of food. Tooth structure can be lost due to trauma as well. In such circumstances, a dental crown is placed on top of the tooth. It covers the tooth on all the sides. Hence, it is referred to as a cap popularly. For the placement of the dental crown, the tooth needs to be reduced in dimension from all aspects. This is done to create sufficient space to accommodate the dental crown. Then the impression of the reduced tooth is recorded. With the help of the impression a customised dental crown is created for the patient in the laboratory. In the next appointment, this dental crown is glued to the reduced tooth. Some people experience some amount of sensitivity after the placement of crown. It can last for few days to weeks. Listed below are few of the main reasons that can cause sensitivity after wearing a dental crown- 1. Bite problem - In some cases, the patient develops pain while biting on the crown. This is because the crown is little taller than usual. Even though it occurs rarely, it can be corrected once the dentist is notified about the issue. 2. Underlying tooth - If the nerves within the underlying tooth are close to the crown, you may develop sensitivity. This is more likely in cases of metallic crowns as metals are good conductors of heat or cold. 3. Uncovered areas – In very rare circumstances, the sensitivity can be due to incomplete coverage by the crown. This can occur if there was a discrepancy in recording measurements of the prepared tooth. There are very minimal chances of such errors. Uncovered areas provide an easy access for the oral fluids to enter the area between the crown and the teeth and cause sensitivity. If you are suffering from sensitivity after crown placement you can wait for few days for it to go by itself. If that does not happen, you are supposed to report it to your dentist. The reasons mentioned above can be corrected only in a dental office by your dentist. Hence, you should seek the help of your dental expert if you have- - Increased frequency of sensitivity - More sensitivity to cold. - Sensitivity that persists for a long time - Pain while biting on food. - Red and swollen gums Living in doubt is not a great idea. If you have an issue with your newly placed crown, you should get assistance without waiting for it to worsen.
An orthodontist is one who specializes in the field of orthodontics (the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of malocclusions.) If you want to get your teeth well aligned, an orthodontist should be the best person you should go to. Finding a qualified orthodontist can prove to be quite a challenging task for you. You must always see to it that your teeth are taken care of by highly skilled, experienced and professional hands. If you have made the right choice of orthodontist then you can be free of any kinds of worries or tensions. While searching for an orthodontist, you must ensure whether you will be provided with individual care and attention. Most of the times, orthodontists with busy practices hardly look properly at their patients’ faces. This might leave you dissatisfied. On the contrary, a dentist, who is well mannered, pleasant to talk to and has the willingness to answer your queries, gives you the assurance that you will be well taken care of. These tips might help you find the right orthodontist: Dental insurance- Firstly, go through the list of orthodontists which is provided to you by your dental insurance company. Selecting an orthodontist from this list will give you the privilege of getting the treatment charges lowered. Family dentist- Consult your family dentist and ask for his guidance. He will be in a better position to refer you to an orthodontist who meets your criteria. Check websites- Conduct a research on the local orthodontists by surfing through their websites, reading the reviews given by patients, collecting information from your friends or relatives who have undergone orthodontic treatment earlier. Dental associations- You can check out the members of some reliable and authentic dental associations like American Association of Orthodontists. Prepare questions - Once your search for a competent orthodontist is complete, make a visit and discuss about the treatment. You should be prepared with the questions that you are going to ask. You get all your doubts (regarding the charges, duration of the treatment or instructions of care) clarified. If your terms and conditions are met, you can get the appointment to start off with your treatment. When it comes to orthodontic treatment you must remember one important thing- it is a long term treatment procedure. On an average, it takes about a year and a half for the completion of orthodontic treatment. Hence, you should be completely satisfied with your orthodontist to avoid future controversial situations. Non-compatibility with your orthodontist may prove detrimental for your teeth. So a bit of research is in no way a waste.
People have all kinds of habits. These habits are not always bad, but sometimes, they are. Sometimes, a person will have oral habits that produce deleterious effects on oral health, so they need to be addressed. At best, these habits need to be corrected, when the individual is young and can still be retrained. So if you notice any of these habits on your child, you need to stand guard. Using the teeth as a tool. Why do people think their teeth are strong enough to act as kitchen or hardware tools? The teeth are strong and they are composed of hard tissues, but they are in no way ever going to match to the strength of actual tools. So refrain from using them as bottle openers, knives, kitchen shears, pliers and so forth. Your teeth were made so you can smile, eat and speak. You shouldn’t subject it to any other force. Thumb sucking. Thumb sucking is a habit that young individuals form in order to sooth themselves. Babies, learn to suck their thumbs in the absence of milk, to self-soothe and many of them bring this habit with them as they age. While it has good benefits for a child, you cannot say the same for teeth and jaw development because the constant force subjected may cause the elongation and protrusion of the teeth and jaws. Biting on pencils. Biting on pencils is common to students, as a relief mechanism for nervousness and anxiety. They bite on pencils and pens, unconsciously, and this ugly habit causes fractures and cracks on the teeth. Biting on nails. Nail biting is a common habit that individuals develop at a young age. Like biting on pencils and pens, it is representative of anxiety in varying degrees. It is as damaging and the incisors are often found with nicks, cracks and fractures on the edges. Tongue thrusting. As this action is related to thumb sucking, it produces the same damaging effects. The constant pushing of the tongue on the back surfaces of the teeth pushes it forward, almost loosening it in place. Eating ice. Believe it or not, some people are quite fond of biting on ice. Apart from it being very hard, the cold renders the tissues weak, so they easily fracture when put under pressure. 
Do you have sensitive teeth? Do you cringe when you eat something cold, hot or sweet? Do you often wonder why some people have no trouble with that, but you do? Maybe you would like to finally bite onto that ice cream bar without feeling a sting of pain. It is a very awful sensation, but do you know what this happens? You see, the teeth are made up of several layers. The innermost layer is the pulp chamber and it houses the pulp tissue which connects to the nerve and blood supply of the body. This is immediately lined by a substantial amount of dentin, which extends throughout the tooth, from crown to roots. The outermost layer of teeth is enamel in the crown area and cementum in the roots. Ideally, the hard tissues of the teeth are supposed to protect you from sensitivity. But why are your teeth sensitive? There are several reasons why this is happening: Tooth decay. If there is a cavity or opening on the teeth, and it is deep enough to penetrate into the area of the pulp, the tooth is going to be sensitive. Food, air and liquid can get into the cavity and the stimuli can bring about pain. A tooth with a cavity needs to be filled; it needs to be cleaned and then restored, so that the pulp will not be exposed. Fracture and abrasion. If a tooth has been fractured or abraded due to a physical blow, normal wear and tear, or teeth grinding, the inner layers of the teeth may be exposed. If a fracture has led to a chip or break on the teeth, it may be restored with a filling or a crown. If there is constant threat of wear and tear, due to night grinding or sports, a mouth guard is going to be essential. An appliance, such as that, will provide protection for the teeth and prevent pulp exposure. Hypersenstive teeth. Sometimes there is no cavity, fracture or abrasion, but the teeth are sensitive and it is mind boggling. Understand, however, that the teeth have pores. The enamel is made of up rods and the dentin has tubules that are fluid-filled. Sometimes these structures are highly activated and they make the teeth more sensitive. If this is the case, you will need desensitizing toothpastes to clog the pore and protect the pulp from exposure. Nobody should have to endure teeth sensitivity. If this is your problem, see your dentist, so that you become pain-free.
A dental check-up may seem  nothing more than just a waste of your time, especially if you feel nothing on any of your teeth, but that is where a lot of people go wrong. Most people forget their dentist when things are fine and you will have people going months to years, without a trip to the dentist. But how irresponsible is that though? This is primarily because we often fail to realize the importance of healthy teeth and gums. The process of digestion starts off in the mouth and about 30 percentage of our food is digested in our mouth. Our teeth have a major role in supplying nutrition to our body as they grind the food into small particles that can be easily digested inside the stomach. Do you know that people are advised to see their dentists twice a year or every six months? The effort you put into your oral hygiene at home is not enough. Why should you visit the dentist for check-ups? Early detection of disease or infection. Some diseases and infections progress without presenting any alarming signs. A patient will insist that there is nothing wrong because there is no pain, swelling, discomfort and so forth. But only a dentist can tell that for sure. If you come at the right time, problems will be resolved even before it progresses to a full blown dental dilemma. Regular cleaning and scaling. No matter how good you think you fair in the washroom with your toothbrush, floss, tongue scraper and what not; only a dentist can properly rid your teeth with tartar and plaque. You go to the dentist for dental check-ups and cleaning because you value this truth—and it will save the health and beauty of your smile. Radiographic examinations. When a simple oral examination does not reveal the real picture, radiographs can be taken. A radiograph can see problems within the teeth and bone, even before it presents with any significant symptoms. Preventive measures. Apart from early detection, you can visit your dentist to receive a number of preventive procedures. This includes dental cleaning, sealants, fluoride, mouth guards and so forth. This is the truth: what you see in the mirror when you brush your teeth is not the real picture. There are signs and symptoms that you may not notice, just because it is not signified by pain or discomfort. The trained eye of a dentist can spot problems better than you, so make time to visit your dentist every six months. Remember, prevention is better than cure, and in the long run - your diligence will save you more time, money and effort.
Myths are often powerful enough to overcome you. In the case of oral health, specifically in babies, there are quite a number of misconstrued facts that go around and they get in the way of proper dental care. It’s now time to bust these myths, once and for all. * The baby is too young to see the dentist.  Some parents think that their children are too young to see the dentist, until the child is in dire need and there is no choice. When you ask them they will say, “He was still too young”, but that is just ridiculous. As soon as the child is able to sit and take orders, to open his mouth, he can be a dental patient. A child as young as 2 years old can enjoy his first visit to the dentist. Starting them young is important because it will surely make a difference. * Baby teeth are not important. Many people think that the “life” of baby teeth is not important, being that they are temporary in the first place. They are quick to order them out (extracted) because they will be replaced anyway. Well, not only do the children need the aesthetic, speech and masticatory function of the teeth—the baby teeth also hold the space intact for the coming permanent. Losing the teeth prematurely may lead to delayed eruption, crowding and other orthodontic issues. * The baby’s teeth do not need to be brushed. People say that since baby teeth are temporaries and will be replaced, they do not need to be brushed. So what happens now if the tooth gets infected with caries? What if the plaque accumulates and the child develops gum disease? Understand that the temporary teeth are not exempt from all that, whether or not they are temporary. * Don’t fret about dental caries on baby teeth, these teeth are only temporary.  Unfortunately, neglecting dental caries on baby teeth can lead to dental infection. Caries will progress as it should and neglect is downright irresponsible. A baby is in no way able to care for his teeth so it should be understandable that you are in charge of his dental health. Parents and guardians hold the responsibility of taking good care of the overall health of the child and this covers the health and beauty of their smile. Part of your responsibility is to determine which truths to believe.
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weakening of bones and makes them fragile. It has a very negative impact on the health of the patient and the quality of life. The density of the bone reduces in osteoporosis and makes the person more susceptible to develop bone fractures even under mild stressful activities like mere bending or turning sides on bed. Women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis after menopause sets in. An osteoporotic patient is asked to refrain from sudden or strenuous activities and carry out all work in a slow and controlled manner. Dental implants are of the most modern options for replacement of missing teeth. The installation of dental implants may require some considerable amount of time, the benefits that they provide is profound and worth every single penny you had spent. In the Journal of International Dentistry, a study was published that was carried out in women with osteoporosis to find out which type of tooth replacement option suited them the most or made them feel more comfortable than before. About 237 women were selected for this study and were asked to fill in a questionnaire that had 23 questions in total. The questions were framed to assess the effects of dental prosthesis on social, professional, emotional and sexual facets of their lives. There were four groups of women- one group had removable denture, another had fixed partial denture, another with dental implants and the last group of women consisted of those who had not replaced their lost teeth at all. When the answers to the questionnaire were compared, it was found that the women with dental implants were the ones who felt maximally benefitted due to the prostheses in their social and sexual facets of life. The next in line was the group with fixed partial denture followed by those who had removable denture. The reason how dental implants increased the quality of life in osteoporotic women owes to the some strong benefits of dental implants. First of all, dental implants look absolutely natural and hence provide a great deal of aesthetic appeal. It becomes extremely comfortable to chew with the help of implants. This is because dental implants mimic the tooth structure almost completely. In case of removable prostheses, the whole unit takes the load of chewing forces and transfers them to the teeth or bone that provides support to the prostheses. In case of dental implants, only the implant and the surrounding bone bears the chewing forces just like what happens in a natural tooth. When one loses a tooth, the surrounding bone starts wearing away gradually. The dental implants hold the jawbone together and prevent it from wearing off. This property of dental implants is of paramount importance when it comes to conservation of the remaining jawbone in a woman who suffers from osteoporosis. In such a case, every tiniest section of bone needs to be conserved to preserve the integrity of the skeletal system. Henceforth, the research has given a new ray of hope for osteoporotic women through tooth replacement by dental implants.